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Release on: 23 December 2016

Preliminary Results of 2016 Population By-census

Results of the 2016 Population By-census indicated that the population of Macao totalled 650,900 in August 2016, an increase of 17.8% compared to 552,503 in 2011 Census. Average annual growth rate of Macao population was 3.3% over the past five years, higher than the average growth of 1.9% during 2006 to 2011. Number of households totalled 188,600, up by 10.4% compared to five years ago. Average household size was 3.06 persons per household, a slight decrease from 3.08 persons in 2011.

The youth population (aged 0-14) totalled 77,900, comprising 12.0% of the total population, similar to that in 2011. The adult population (aged 15-64) totalled 513,600, with its proportion in total population falling by 1.9 percentage points from five years ago to 78.9%. The elderly population (aged 65 and above) totalled 59,400, with its proportion rising by 1.9 percentage points to 9.1%.

Non-resident workers living in Macao soared by 68.8% from five years ago to 105,200. Local population, excluding non-resident workers and foreign students, totalled 536,400, up by 10.5%. Median age of the total population increased from 37.0 in 2011 to 37.5 in 2016 whereas that of the local population rose by 0.7 year to 38.8.

Male population totalled 314,000 and female population totalled 336,800, accounting for 48.2% and 51.8% of the total population respectively. Gender ratio was 93.2, corresponding to 93.2 males per 100 females, a slight increase from 92.3 in 2011. Meanwhile, gender ratio of the local population was 90.2, a further decline from 92.7 five years ago.

Among the total population, 284,100 were born in Mainland China, accounting for 43.6% of the total, and 265,100 were born in Macao, at 40.7%.

Population density stood at 21,400 persons per km2, up by 15.9% from 18,478 persons in 2011. With the completion of public housing units in Taipa and Coloane, coupled with an increase in foreign students, significant population growth was observed in ‘Coloane Island’(+531%), ‘Pac On & Taipa Grande’(+127%) and ‘Universidade & Baía de Pac On’(+99%). Analysed by population size, ‘Areia Preta & Iao Hon’ remained the most populated district, accounting for 11.8% of the total population. It was followed by ‘Baixa da Taipa’ and ‘NATAP’, comprising 10.4% and 9.9% of the population respectively.

Global results of the 2016 Population By-census will be released in April next year.

For further information, please contact the
Documentation and Information Centre of DSEC
Alameda Dr. Carlos d´Assumpção, No. 411- 417, Dynasty Plaza, 17th floor, Macao
Tel: 8399 5311 Fax: 2830 7825
E-mail: info@dsec.gov.mo Website: www.dsec.gov.mo